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Brazil World Cup and Olympics

Despite being the fifth largest country in the world and one of the most passionate and successful nations when it comes to football, Brazil hasn’t hosted a World Cup since 1950.Perhaps even more surprising is the fact that no South American city has ever staged an Olympic Games. Verify Electrician License So, awarding the 2014 FIFA World Cup to Brazil and deciding to hold the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro were probably long overdue, although no one doubted the size of the task ahead of the country. Now, however, there are serious concerns that the task is proving too great.
To some degree, Brazil has a head start because it staged the 2007 Pan American Games and built many facilities then to Olympic specifications. The result is that it has 60% of the necessary sports venues in place. But it still has major construction and renovation needs for the two events.
The World Cup is to be staged across twelve cities and the intention is to build five new stadia and undertake radical makeovers of a further seven at a cost of US$5.7 billion. Added to this is a plan to improve transport links between the venues by constructing 2,518 kilometres of new railway routes. This includes a high-speed rail link between Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Campinas.
Large investments are also due to be made in infrastructure, with telecommunications due to get $11.5 billion a year for the next five years. Major road routes, which are often riddled with potholes, are due an upgrade. Airport facilities, already under severe strain and with traffic due to double by 2014, are to receive a $3.3 billion investment.
With the World Cup expected to attract 500,000 tourists and tourism in Rio de Janeiro expected to be up 15% by 2016, there is a push to build more hotel accommodation. Rio is increasing its capacity to 50,000 rooms while its historic port area is due for a strategic regeneration. All host cities for the football are expanding their hotel networks. Overall, public works projects worth $52 billion are planned.
One outcome of all this development is a boost for green construction in the country. Olympic stadia have to be built to meet low carbon emission and low energy standards. Although the same is not true for World Cup facilities, developers are in general trying to achieve LEED certification, with four stadia having reached the standard and four others trying to attain it. As a result, the proportion of green building space in Brazil is expected to increase by 30% a year.
Doubts are increasingly being voiced over the slow progress, with many projects being wellbehind schedule. By the summer of 2010, construction work had only begun on six of the twelve football stadia. Questions are being asked over the choice of the host cities and there is a view that ten would be a more manageable number.
Deadlines have come and gone, with allegations of corruption and poor planning. Little …

Brazil Full of Energy

Brazilian energy company Petrobras has recently begun work on an 850-kilometre pipeline that will carry ethanol from the producing centre in the country’s mid-west region to the main consumption centres of Sao Paulo and How To Find Home Builder In Your Area Rio de Janeiro. When it is completed in 2014, the pipeline will have the capacity to carry 21 million cubic metres of ethanol each year and will replace 1,500 delivery trucks that currently handle the transportation.
Sustainable Energy Projects…
Three separate pipeline projects were proposed by different groups in 2008, with the state-owned Petrobras eventually getting the go-ahead. The pipeline is required to transport Brazil’s growing ethanol production, with its cane crop increasingly being switched from sugar to ethanol output. The sector was forecast to attract $17 billion in investment in the six years from 2008 in an effort to meet growing domestic and export demand. The US, Japan and the EU are being particularly targeted for increased sales.
Petrobras has recently completed a 661-kilometre natural gas pipeline that runs from the country’s second largest gas reserve to northern Brazil. This runs through the Amazon rainforest and presented many construction challenges that included changing water levels, unfavourable soil conditions and the dangers of tropical diseases. Barges were used as floating construction sites in flooded areas so that work could continue during the wettest season. Helicopters were also used to transport pipes to inaccessible areas while local labour and campsites reduced worker transportation times. Care had to be taken when working in areas with fragile ecosystems.
The pipeline projects are driven by increase energy needs in Brazil, with electricity consumption forecast to rise by 5.9% each year until 2019. Much of this increase is expected to be met through hydroelectric power plants, with many likely to be sited in the Amazon jungle region. The Ministry of Mines and Energy’s ten- year plan aims to increase energy generation capacity from 112 megawatts to 167 megawatts by 2019.
Although a four-fold increase in wind power is predicted, hydroelectric power will account for the bulk of the output, going from 83 megawatts to 117 megawatts. This will require the Subcontracting Work of many new dams and the flooding of hundreds of square kilometres of land, resulting in protests from environmentalists, local communities and other bodies. The government justifies the proposed construction on the grounds that hydroelectric power is the cheapest source of energy and will help it to meet the commitments it made at the UN Conference on Climate Change in Copenhagen in 2009.
Boom In Every Sector Set to Continue…
Brazil is one of the emerging BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries, which are experiencing rapid growth across many sectors. In addition to energy needs, a growing middle class population is creating a lot of demand, particularly in the construction of shopping malls and improved infrastructure. The country escaped the worst of the global economic crisis and, as a result, has recovered much quicker than most, with economic growth forecast …