energy

Brazil Full of Energy

Brazilian energy company Petrobras has recently begun work on an 850-kilometre pipeline that will carry ethanol from the producing centre in the country’s mid-west region to the main consumption centres of Sao Paulo and How To Find Home Builder In Your Area Rio de Janeiro. When it is completed in 2014, the pipeline will have the capacity to carry 21 million cubic metres of ethanol each year and will replace 1,500 delivery trucks that currently handle the transportation.
Sustainable Energy Projects…
Three separate pipeline projects were proposed by different groups in 2008, with the state-owned Petrobras eventually getting the go-ahead. The pipeline is required to transport Brazil’s growing ethanol production, with its cane crop increasingly being switched from sugar to ethanol output. The sector was forecast to attract $17 billion in investment in the six years from 2008 in an effort to meet growing domestic and export demand. The US, Japan and the EU are being particularly targeted for increased sales.
Petrobras has recently completed a 661-kilometre natural gas pipeline that runs from the country’s second largest gas reserve to northern Brazil. This runs through the Amazon rainforest and presented many construction challenges that included changing water levels, unfavourable soil conditions and the dangers of tropical diseases. Barges were used as floating construction sites in flooded areas so that work could continue during the wettest season. Helicopters were also used to transport pipes to inaccessible areas while local labour and campsites reduced worker transportation times. Care had to be taken when working in areas with fragile ecosystems.
The pipeline projects are driven by increase energy needs in Brazil, with electricity consumption forecast to rise by 5.9% each year until 2019. Much of this increase is expected to be met through hydroelectric power plants, with many likely to be sited in the Amazon jungle region. The Ministry of Mines and Energy’s ten- year plan aims to increase energy generation capacity from 112 megawatts to 167 megawatts by 2019.
Although a four-fold increase in wind power is predicted, hydroelectric power will account for the bulk of the output, going from 83 megawatts to 117 megawatts. This will require the Subcontracting Work of many new dams and the flooding of hundreds of square kilometres of land, resulting in protests from environmentalists, local communities and other bodies. The government justifies the proposed construction on the grounds that hydroelectric power is the cheapest source of energy and will help it to meet the commitments it made at the UN Conference on Climate Change in Copenhagen in 2009.
Boom In Every Sector Set to Continue…
Brazil is one of the emerging BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries, which are experiencing rapid growth across many sectors. In addition to energy needs, a growing middle class population is creating a lot of demand, particularly in the construction of shopping malls and improved infrastructure. The country escaped the worst of the global economic crisis and, as a result, has recovered much quicker than most, with economic growth forecast …

Construction Industry – Work in Building Alternative Energy Projects Dries Up in 2012

Have we come to a please where we’ve brainwashed the public and all the college kids graduating of the concept that bringing alternative energy projects forward through public funding will increase jobs, save the environment, and lead us into a new era Rc Construction Waterford Mi of clean energy? It seems I can’t even go a single day without reading an article, or talking to someone who has been sold on this concept of alternative energy, on how it will actually help our economy and create jobs as we make the changeover.
The reality is that any viable alternative energy source would be highly disruptive to our economy, and our jobs, whereas, any of these projects that are not viable won’t work, and therefore we shouldn’t spend the money on them, as they certainly won’t produce jobs long-term or really very many jobs in the short term either, especially considering the ratio of job creation to the amount of money spent.
We complain about welfare onto our citizens, and we complain about corporate welfare – but isn’t this push to develop a new energy economy by crushing the one we already have while throwing billions of dollars at it essentially the same thing – worse, it isn’t working, we should inherently know that, and yet we try to cover our losses by creating yet even bigger projects, and putting in regulations which increase the cost of energy that we already have so the new energy can compete with it. In other words, we are modifying and manipulating the free-market system to bring forth unreliable, unviable, and uneconomically feasible clean and green energy projects.
There was a troubling article for those who are hoping to ride the wave of money flows for alternative energy construction projects. The article appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle on March 18, 2012 titled; “Report: Recession Cost State Green Jobs,” by David R. Bakker. It turns out that the “Core Green” economy shrank 3% with a decrease in overall green jobs since the 2008 economic crisis (between January 2009 and January 2010), same with the construction jobs in new green projects. The Green Building sector dropped four percent.
It appears for all the publicity and political push, along with all the money thrown at the problem, not to mention the many big headline disasters such as Solyndra and others which have shown completely dismal performance by those Garden Design For Small Gardens who promised us they would take charge and usher in a new era of clean energy and millions of green jobs. Turns out they actually lost jobs and billions in the process of implementing their so-called utopian green program.
In a perfect world and in a utopian society we would have abundant clean energy, essentially for free. Still, what we are doing is producing a vast amount of energy at a low price currently, and although we could hope for the other, all this government intervention is not producing what all these brilliant academics …

Easy Tips on Winter Energy Efficiency

We attempt to use eco-friendly and sustainable building materials when it comes to our construction and roofing projects.

Proper insulation, green roofing, and sustainable building materials are all helpful in fabricating structures that work with the environment, rather than against it.

However, every winter many of our customers find themselves spending-and let’s face it, wasting-lots of extra money in heating and energy. Of course our first thought relates to Ita Electrical Practice Exam efficient and well-insulated walls and roof. We do also go by a great, comprehensive, list of easy tips to keep our customers and friends warm and eco-friendly at the same time.

Sustainable Winterizing Landscape Design Jakarta Tips

These tips are not only for the ecology, they are also for economy. Never forget that green living saves money along with our planet.

Program Your Thermostat: Having a programmable thermostat is essentially becoming standard fare in most newer homes and home heating systems. However, they mean very little unless you set them for the season. Remember, sunrise and sunset change, and so do your home’s heating and AC needs. It is generally recommended that you have a daytime temperature of 68A� and a night dropdown of 65A�.

Check For Drafts: The average American home wastes 5-30% of their energy through drafts. There is no need to heat the world; nature can take care of herself. Do a quick run through of your home checking windows and roofing elements with your hand for drafts and listening closely for telltale whooshing sounds. The other option is to hire a professional to do a quick estimate-many construction companies offer winterizing and efficiency services, often with a free estimate.

Change Your Bulbs: Make the move from incandescent light bulbs to compact florescent light bulbs. While this is not strictly a winter issue, you do use considerably more lighting in the winter, due to shorter days and colder weather. Investing in LED holiday lights is also a great winter lighting tip, because the last longer, are more durable, and use less energy.

Hire Heating Professionals: Many issues related both to the repair of your home heating system and your overall heating efficiency can be solved with simple, professional, maintenance. Once a year or so, have your heating company come out and do a comprehensive check on your system. Most HVAC companies do this service as part of their maintenance contract. Especially when you have an older system, have a professional take a look, because sometimes you will save money and energy installing a new heat pump.

Get An Energy Audit: In much of the country there are plenty of companies, energy companies, and construction companies that offer high quality energy audits for only a fraction of what you stand to lose on your energy bill. Go through, boost basic efficiency, and see what you can do within your budget to make your home greener.

Use Available Tax Credits: Along with an energy audit, utilize Federal, State, and Local Tax Credits set aside for energy …

DIY Wind Turbine – An Inexpensive Alternative Energy Solution

When you think of the windmills, you may be reminded of postcard pictures of Holland, but the modern DIY wind turbine construction is a very different proposition.
Those bulky structures are history and the windmill is replaced with modern technology that generates efficient electricity for the home and small cities. Don’t be fooled, the DIY Wind Turbine is a project any dedicated DIY enthusiast can take on.
These windmills are the perfect alternative energy solution because inexpensive and not difficult to operate. The DIY Wind Turbine can be Udemy Home Repair built with all your standard workshop tools and as little as a few hundred bucks or less if you use materials from the recycling center!
You can mount a secure frame on your roof, and you will have a great site for your DIY Renovate Old House To Modern Wind Turbine. There aren’t as many moving parts in this modern day, lighter turbine.
You can grab a kit set online, which is required for mounting the gearing and blade to the frame. It wouldn’t hurt to check out a nearby operating windmill if you can, before you build yours. This will help you answer the questions you would not have thought of prior to starting your project.
You will want to investigate the local building codes, noise limitations, and things such as height and where the majority of wind will come from. This information is nearly as important as knowing how to build your unit. DIY wind turbines come in all makes and sizes, so getting the right one for the right site, and amount of energy you will need will be time well spent.
Generally, the installation should only take few days, unless you are thinking of building everything from scratch. Your driving force is the blades, and wood or fiber composite blades are less expensive and do not vibrate or make as much noise as metal one. Your DIY wind turbine can become fully efficient by adding a tail assembly to keep the unit facing the wind.
You will need to get the DC motors and gearing, usually online, and bolt them together. If you are not sure about putting a wiring plan together, consider getting an electrician to help you and provide a final stamp of approval on your project.
This is a cool and simple project, but the DIY Wind Turbine is not a toy. Once it is operational, the blades can be fatal, and all electrical must be well insulated. You will want to restrict access to the windmill from all pets and children specifically. Using fencing that deters adventurous climbers, and security lights too. This will prevent unwanted access.…

Solar Energy Program – Ontario, Canada Soaring to the Top of North America PV Charts

Ontario is the first province in Canada to support the construction of solar energy generation projects through the Standard Offer Program which offers property owners secure contracts and financial incentive programs to sell their energy created from solar panels back to the energy market.
Solar power uses the energy that the sun produces to directly generate electricity. The sun provides us with energy every day, it’s a renewable and sustainable energy but it has never successfully been tapped into in large quantities for re sale until now. Is the technology of converting the sun’s energy into electricity worth the investment from our government?
Solar panels are constructed of photovoltaic cells; these cells are made of silicon and are usually 10cm square in size. Each individual cell will produce an average of 0.5 volts of electricity and are grouped in batches of 36 cells to produce a module or panel. Modules can be linked together depending on the amount of electricity needed. However, photovoltaic systems are not very efficient at converting the sun’s energy to the end product of electricity. Only about 12 to 15 % of the solar energy that reaches the panels is actually converted to electricity and it needs to be used with a conventional method of producing energy to adequately supply a home with energy.
When the Ontario Government made the commitment to offer financial incentives in order to stimulate the Subcontractor Job Description Resume of microFit ground mount Solar PV projects, it started by offering contracts to purchase the electricity produced at $0.802 per kWh. After the program was launched it didn’t take long for average people and small business that own property to realize the Ontario Government was essentially giving money away if you were willing to make this investment. As a result there was a flood of applications that overwhelmed the OPA’s offices. The OPA has made a decision to reduce the purchase price of $.802 per kWh to $.588 per kWh; does this tell us that our government was once again very frugal with our money or are they simply trying to save us some money?
If you look at what your cost is for the hydro your home consumes, you will probably find that the cost is around $.08 per kWh which is much less than our government has agreed to pay private owners for this hydro even after their $0.22 / kWh cut in pay. Maybe the concept is good but the technology hasn’t caught up. I’m sure you have heard stories of private homes spending upwards to $30 000 for their own home solar power system while still relying on established hydro to power their home. How is existing technology going to power cities? Without new technology that will increase that conversion rate from 12 to 15% of solar energy to electricity cost, our government may be in another lose – lose situation with solar electricity. Or are you willing to trade your $120 per month hydro bill for a …

Energy Efficient Windows For Your New Home Construction

Of particular importance in your effort to build an environmentally-friendly home is the windows that you will choose. Energy efficient windows for your new home construction can make your heating bills lower in the winter and your cooling bills easier to handle in the summer. An energy efficient window needs to be at two panes thick, have a low-E (emitting) glass coating, an airtight frame, and be rated as energy-efficient by the Energy Star program. Let’s look at each of these elements of the energy efficient window in greater detail.
Frames Home Improvements And Renovations
When considering your window frames, the material of the frame is very crucial the energy efficiency of the window itself. Opting for a vinyl or fiberglass frame ensures maximum efficiency and both of these materials do a great job of reducing the heat transfer and improving the insulation factor of the home and the home’s envelope. The decision to go with vinyl or fiberglass House Construction Steps is usually an aesthetic one for most homeowners, although cost of the window frame itself certainly plays a role in that decision. Look for window frames in vinyl and fiberglass that have been specifically engineered and designed to perform optimally, such as those that have chambers within the frame that enhance their strength, provide additional insulation and reduce noise
Multiple Panes
Having dual pane or multiple pane windows is important when installing windows that are energy efficient. Dual pane windows have a space between the two panes of glass that is filled with either gas (look for those gases like argon or krypton for their non-toxicity) or air. This provides more insulation than a single pan window. If you can afford it, go for Energy Star rated windows that have three or even more panes for the highest level of energy savings. Look for windows that feature spacers between the panes that allow for the correct distance of panes in order to allow for airflow within the pane. These warm edge spacers can be made of fiberglass, vinyl, foam or steel and will have the added benefit of reducing or preventing condensation between panes. Your windows should also feature low-E coating that will block out the infrared light from the sun that makes your home hotter in the summer and that can fade your flooring, carpeting, or furniture over time.
Financial Incentives for High Efficiency Windows
Local, state and federal governments have recently announced incentives for homeowners who install energy-efficient upgrades in their homes. These incentives include tax breaks and tax rebates. Talk to your installer or your contractor to find out if the windows that you choose qualify for these tax incentives and be sure to file for them in a timely manner. You can get up to $200 under some programs for each window that you install, either as a tax deduction or a credit on your taxes. That makes paying for your high efficiency windows easier, and provides you with a bit of money to …

Homemade Solar Panel Construction – An Ideal Energy Solution For Your Home

Many folks have never used a homemade solar panel. Needless to say, they’ve never built one before. Since childhood, we’ve been accustomed to using grid power. We’ll be at a loss without using fossil fuel to generate electricity. After all the infrastructure has been set up and power is readily available at the flick of a switch.
In recent years, many homeowners have begun to step into the world of solar power. There are 2 ways they can install solar energy panels at home – purchase retail panels and engage professionals to install Reputable Builders Near Me them, or do everything themselves. Typical solar panels don’t come cheap, and are priced beyond the reach of many homeowners. Therefore most folks seriously consider building their own photovoltaic panels.
Solar energy panel Building Construction Process is not a daunting or costly activity. You can start by buying a photovoltaic panel kit. It is packaged with everything you need to build and assemble your own solar power generator. Some kits do not even require you to use any tools to build your solar energy device. Following instructions on the construction guide is all you need to put different pieces together.
If you want to customize your own solar energy panels, you can get DIY solar power guides to provide you with a solid education even before you begin. These guides are written in simple, step-by-step instructions that help even a novice or total beginner build his first homemade solar energy panel. There are even illustrations and videos to guide you along so learning becomes easy.
For a start, you can build a small panel to power a few appliances, like your garage lights or personal computer. When you get more skilled in constructing these nifty devices, you can scale up your efforts to take your home away from the power grid. In this way, you can begin to save thousands of dollars every year on energy bills.
The most wonderful part about making your own photovoltaic panels is you do not need lots of cash to do it. For less than $200, you can build your first solar generator. If you are really serious about setting up an alternative source of energy at home, you have to use the tips revealed in homemade solar energy guides. These guides are inexpensive and they can save you from many costly mistakes that are commonly made by beginners. You’ll also be able to learn where to get good yet affordable materials and components for your homemade solar panel construction.…