Engineering Capacity Deficit and Skills Shortage in Sub-Saharan Africa

Generally, the delivery of infrastructure is largely determined by adequacy of local capacity to supply technical requirements for project implementation at all its stages from planning, design, Builder In My Area, and operation. In sub-saharan Africa, the local construction firms may be able to handle small project works while leaving large construction projects to the employ of international consulting and construction companies due to lack of local capability for large project works. Supply constraints in some African countries gives an indication of the engineering capacity deficit problems common to nearly all African countries [1]. In analysing the constraints, it becomes clear that the capacity deficits arise from two critical underlying problems of lack of training for engineers and technical personnel, and building materials. The gravity of the lack of high level engineering skills among African countries has been established to be of a very high scale. The population served by a single engineer in Africa is up to 13,000 persons compared to 100 to 300 persons in most developed and emerging economies. For the civil engineering profession alone, the number of engineers serving a given population is even much smaller. For example, one civil engineer in local government in South Africa serves a population of about 33,000. These numbers are again higher for other African countries [2,3].
Information regarding skills gaps for the various professions in African countries is quite difficult to find. This may be related to shortage of research culture and capacity in African countries, a general problem in the field of engineering and other disciplines as well. But it can be roughly estimated that the national engineering skills gap of 30 to 50% typically represent the scale of shortage of these essentials skills in the African continent.
The problem is compounded by technical brain drain of the limited engineering capacity from developing countries to developed nations as a result of enticing opportunities offered to attract technically qualified personnel to sustain developed international economies. In most developed countries, the engineering skills present are continuously assessed to ensure adequate availability of required professional skills while identifying presence of possible skills gaps to be filled either through domestic training or scouting of highly qualified foreign engineers to be offered immigration visas. This is related to the nature of modern economies, being primarily industrial driven. Attempts by African countries to attract investments are sometimes hampered by poor existing infrastructure and lack of capacity, these being among the key factors used by investors in deciding their investment destinations.
[1] G. Zawdie, D.A Langford, The state of construction and infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa and strategies for a sustainable way forward, Dept of Civil Engineering, Univ of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 ONG, Scotland, UK, 13p.
[2] A. Lawless (2005), Numbers and needs: addressing imbalances Inspiring Gardens in the civil engineering profession, SAICE, Johannesburg, RSA
[3] A. Lawless (2007), Numbers and needs in local govt: civil engineering the critical profession for service delivery, SAICE, JHB, RSA…

All You Need To Know About Construction Skills Certification Scheme

Are you looking for some information regarding Best Remodeling Contractors Near Me Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS). In this article you will find some information regarding Construction skill certification and its benefits. This scheme has over 1.7 million members and is one of the largest in the United Kingdom. Construction skills certification scheme covers 220 occupations in the construction Business. The certification scheme was started in the year 1995. The motto of this scheme is to meet the occupational needs of the construction industry. This scheme helps to improve the occupational capabilities of the construction companies. CSCS has helped the construction site workers to increase their efficiency which has decreased the number of occupational hazards and accidents on the construction sites.
CSCS issues a card to each construction worker. There are different types of cards which vary according to current job, qualifications and experience of the worker. The cards come with color coding and the color of the card depends on the training, qualification and experience of the worker. The Cards issued by CSCS are compulsory on most of the construction sites in the UK. The construction contractors always ask for proof of competence of workers before giving them a job on their construction sites. The workers who don`t have the card can miss opportunities in their professional lives. The CSCS card not only provides the proof of qualifications but also gives the assurance that the worker has passed the health and safety test of CSCS.
One has to prove all his skills and experience while applying for the card. The competence of a worker will determine the type of card which will be issued to him. The card can be upgraded as the experience of the worker increases. Every card comes with an expiry date and needs to be renewed by retaking health and safety test.
There are many more things which should be considered before applying for the CSCS card. It is a smart idea to do some research on the internet before applying for the card. You can easily find number of websites and blogs which give enough information regarding new rules and regulations of the Construction Pay Application Software skills certification scheme. One can also ask for some advice from some experts and professionals from the field of construction business.
There are a number of factors which should be kept in mind before applying for CSCS card but above tips and techniques can help you a lot in acquiring a card according to your professional needs…