Four Types of Real Estate Sales

I see people asking about foreclosures all of the time. The supposition is that foreclosures are the best deals. Some people think that the banks are so anxious to get the foreclosed home off their books that the homes are priced 10% or more below market value.
Here are the four types of sales:
New Construction: This is when you purchase a home from the builder. In our area, these homes typically sell for 3-10% above market value. People value being the first person to live in a new home. There is value to being able to pick out your finishes and live in a super-clean home with that new-home smell. But much like a new car, when you sell, you are selling a “used” home and that 3-10% extra value is gone.
Resale Home: Also known as a traditional sale or “normal” sale. This is when the owner of the home decides to put the home on the open market and sell it. This is essentially the market value of homes in an area.
Foreclosures: Foreclosed homes are owned by a lien holder (typically a bank or a loan holder like Fannie Mae). Sometimes these homes need work, sometimes not. Unlike resale homes, there is no value to holding the home (renting it out or living there). So, the bank is more motivated than a home owner. Banks typically sell their inventory for 3-5% below market value.
A quick example since some people confuse the 3-5% discount with a discount for condition of the home. Let’s say that there are two substantially identical homes right next door to each other (same size, condition, room counts, schools, views, finishes, everything). One was foreclosed and is owned by a bank. One is owned by the people who live there. Let’s say that they non-foreclosed home is worth $300,000. In this case, I would expect the foreclosed home to sell for $285,000 to $291,000.
Next example: same two homes. Now the foreclosure home has been abused. It needs paint on the inside. The carpets are torn and the previous owners took all of the appliances with them. Total damages $20,000. In this case, I would expect the foreclosed home to sell for $266,000 to $271,600 (95-97% of $300,000 – $20,000).
Short Sales: A short sale is a home where the owners owe more on the home than its current market value. They want to sell, but don’t have enough money to bring to make the difference to the lender. They are asking for forgiveness of a certain portion of their debt. The owners hire a Realtor and put their home on the market for a price low enough to attract buyers willing to wait for the bank to forgive some of the debt, but high enough for the bank to accept. In our area, about 2/5 of short sales ultimately get approved and closed. (Fairfax County 41%, Loudoun County 45%, PW County 44%)
A short sale is not for the impatient. You make an offer and often hear nothing for months. Typically, in two to six months, you will get a Construction Industry response from the bank. The bank may counter your offer, accept it or simply reject it. More than half of these listings never get closed.
What do you get for all of this waiting and uncertainty? A great price-typically 12% below market value!
Summary: What Makes A Well Built House
New
+ 3-10%
Resale
Market Value
Foreclosure
– 3-5%
Short Sale
– 12%
In any case, you want a buyer’s agent that case guide you through your transaction from the home search until closing. Contact us for a free buyer’s class to learn about buying in today’s market.
I recently published a post about free lists of foreclosed homes in our area on my blog, but that isn’t what today’s post is about.

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